Ayurvedic Treatment for Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by chronic elevation of glucose in the blood. Diabetes has almost affected 300 million people world-wide and is on still increase. In the present life style the risk of disease is increasing day by day. Diabetes is considered as a global disease. Rising on the waves of increasing obesity and increasing age in developing countries, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is hyping worldwide. Timely diagnosis, treatment and monitoring is very much essential to avoid further complications of disease.

 Diabetes was considered as disease of the wealthy in ancient India.

The name Diabetes Mellitus originated from two latin words, ‘Diabetes’ means a passer through or siphon, and ‘Mellitus’ means sweetened like honey.


Diabetes Mellitus is defined as heterogeneous metabolic disorder characterised by common feature of chronic hyperglycaemia (increased glucose in blood) with disturbance of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism.

It is caused because the body is unable to produce enough insulin for its own needs, either because of impaired insulin secretion, impaired insulin action or both.

Classification of Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Other specific types based on genetic defect, drug induced, and infections.

Three classic symptoms of Diabetes are

  • ·      Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  • ·      Polyuria (increased urination)
  • ·      Polyphagia (increased appetite)

Other common symptoms include blurred vision, extreme tiredness, genital itching, slow healing of wounds, progressive weight loss.

In Type 1 Diabetes these symptoms develop more quickly.

In Type 2 Diabetes, symptoms may appear gradually, sometimes over a period of years and may become more noticeable on some days and less on other days.

Chronic exposure to high blood glucose is leading cause for many acute and chronic complications. Acute complications like Diabetic ketoacidosis (condition when body produces high level of blood acids). Chronic complication like cataract (clouding of lens in the eye), glaucoma (group of disease that damage optic nerve and cause vision loss), Retinopathy(damage to blood vessels in the retina) , Neuropathy (nerve damage), macular edema, Nephropathy(kidney diseases), Peripheral vascular diseases, coronary artery diseases, cardiovascular diseases, other dermatological changes, sexual dysfunction.

In short, we could say persistent high blood glucose is a threat to the major organs of body including Heart, Kidney and eyes.

Diagnosis can be done based on the symptoms and sign. Laboratory investigation could be of great help for conformation and related treatment. Laboratory tests like Random Blood Sugar, Post Prandial Blood Sugar, Fasting Blood Sugar  would be beneficial for routine monitoring.

Treatments in Modern Medicine and its side effects

Treatment include diet, exercise, medication and insulin therapy. Self-care and life style modifications are of prior importance that includes physical exercise, quitting smoking, weight loss, nutrition counseling, diabetic diet and dietary fiber. Anti-diabetic medications like Metformin, Glipizide, Pioglitazone, etc are advised according to the level of glucose in blood.  Avoid hyper-caloric diet, fasting, overfeeding, alcoholism and heavy exercises. Regular insulin therapy is advised to patients with no diabetic control and is given before each major meal.


According to Ayurvedic Science, Diabetes Mellitus can be correlated with Prameha.  The Sanskrit term ‘Pra’ means ‘in excess’ and ‘Meha’ literally means to ‘micturate’. The disease in which excessive urination takes place is called as Prameha. As the nature of such urine is sweet in taste like that of honey, the disease is also called Madhumeha.

As per classics there are twenty types of Prameha.



Involvement in the causative factors like frequent and excessive intake of food, intake of sweet ,sour, saline food, intake of oily and cold food items,  intake of newly harvested crops , curd, meat of domesticated, marshy and aquatic animals. Intake of food that increase kapha guna in the body.

Excessive indulgence in sleep, day sleep, bed rest, avoidance of physical exercise results in the immaturity of dosas which further proceed downward through the mutravaha srotas to get localized at urinary bladder and thus leading to disease Prameha.

As per Acharyas, cardinal signs of Prameha includes Prabuta Mutrata(excessive urination) and avila mutrata( increased turbidity).


Aim of the Ayurvedic treatment is to restore health of diseased person and to maintain the health of a healthy person. Treatment includes purification and alleviation therapies. According to the disease process and type of prameha, treatment is opted. Vamana(emesis), Virechana(purgation), Basti(enema) are some of the effective pancha karma therapies.

Internal medicines like Niashakathakadi kashayam, Saptaparna kashayam, Khadira kashayam,  Nimba kashayam, Nyagrodhadi kashayam, Triphala kashayam, etc are used used accordingly after accessing the dosa and condition of disease. Acharyas have specially mentioned about importanceof intake of rasayana yogas in prameha . Shilajathu ,Tuvaraka taila are some among them.


  • ·      Bitter gourd juice
  • ·      Neem leaves, Tulasi leaves, Belpatras
  • ·      Turmeric can be added to your daily diet.
  • ·      Amla Juice
  • ·      Triphala decotion
  • ·      Tinospora cordifolia – chewing of leaves
  • ·      Ginger – can be added in tea, or eaten raw
  • ·      Aloe vera juice
  • ·      Eugenia Jambolana – leaves can be chewed, seed powder can be consumed with lukewarm water.


  • ·      Avoid excess of sweets, carbohydrates, and dairy products.
  • ·      Don’t skip the meals.
  • ·      Avoid food items like maida, rava, white bread, potato, other tubers, processed food and meats.
  • ·      Restrict fried and fatty food.
  • ·      Don’t exercise on empty or full stomach.
  • ·      Quit the habits like drinking, smoking etc.
  • ·      Have more vegetables, seasonal fruits and bitter herbs.
  • ·      Vegetables like: spinach, tomatoes, cucumbers, broccoli, cauliflower and asparagus.
  • ·      Regular exercise and balanced diet.
  • ·      Include 4-6 small frequent meals rather than 3 big meals a day.
  • ·      Intake of soup of marshy land animals, corn, honey, wheat, barley, horse gram, old rice, puffed rice, buttermilk, etc.

The prevention of Diabetes Mellitus is an urgent priority in most countries , in order to halt this rising epidemic. Control over Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus can be achieved by life style modifications. The fact is the disease cannot be cured permanently. The disease and its symptoms can only be managed. Managing Diabetes is tough, but not impossible. Sticking on to treatment is much important to avoid the complication of disease.

Dr Irfan Poilan

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ABOUT Dr Abdurahman Poilan

Dr. Abdul Rahman Poilan has come from a long line of traditional Ayurveda vaidyas who passed on their knowledge through the generations has an experience of 28 years in the field of Ayurveda. Dr. Poilan is a reputed speaker on international level with invitations to more than 18 countries. He regularly conducts seminars and workshops on Ayurvedic massages and Panchakarma therapy.

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